International rules of organization and holding of Kurash competitions

Adopted by the First Foundational Congress of the IKA on September, 6, 1998 in Tashkent, Uzbekistan

Author: Komil Yusupov

1. The informing referee announces the schedule of the day, weight categories, names of the next pair of wrestlers to fight. Gives the information on each wrestler entering gilam (tatami). Also gives the information to spectators about the referees on gilam (tatami).

2. All information on competition is given only after approval by the Chief Referee or his/her deputy. 

1. The warden of the competition is responsible for readiness of the gymnasium, stadium or field where the competition will take place, gilam (tatami) on which the fight will be held, referees’ table and chairs and other accessories;

2. The warden of the competition is responsible for the order during the competition.

3. The warden of the competition conducts his/her activity in accordance with orders of the Chief Referee. 

1. Before the beginning of the competitions the doctor of the competition examines medical reference of the wrestler, signature and seal, if there are defects, does not allow the wrestler to fight.

2. The doctor of the competition examines the wrestlers during scaling.

3. The doctor of the competition controls cleanliness of the place of the competition and gilam (tatami) of the fight, the wrestlers uniforms.

4. The doctor of the competition treats the wrestlers injuries during competition. 

1. Situations not stipulated by Kurash rules are solved by the Board of referees. 

1. The referee uniform includes a black suit and trousers, black socks, white shirt and black tie. 

1. The participants of the competition should wear a dark blue or green yakhtak, white trousers, a red belt. And, the participant called first comes in a dark blue dressing gown, and the second one — in a green dressing gown. Types of colors used: blue — 5-zm; green — 4-kx.

2. The uniform should be made from cotton, be in good condition, the material should not be very rigid or dense.

3. The following marking is allowed:

* State Emblem (on the left part of breast, maximum size: 10х10 cm);

* trade mark of manufacturer (3х3 cm in front below the jacket);

* shoulder marking (not more then 25 cm, width up to 5 cm);

* tabs (25х25 cm, allowed on back, may include wrestler’s surname).

4. The yakhtak should be 15-20 cm above knees. The yakhtak sleeves should not cover wrists. 8 cm should be between a hand and a sleeve. The trousers should be up to feet. 15-20 cm should be between a trouser-leg and a leg. A belt should be 4-5 cm in width. It should be such in length that after two turns round the waist and tying up, the ends still have not less than 20 cm in length.

5. Women-participants should wear a durable white sports shirt or tricot with short sleeves under their yakhtak, tucked into trousers.

6. If a yakhtak of a participant does not meet the requirements, the arbitrator should require from participant to change yakhtak. Participant must draw out his/her hands before him/her and thus show the arbitrator that the length and width of yakhtak sleeves correspond to the rules.

7. The wrestlers of both sexes wrestle on bare feet. 

Clothes of participants (yakhtak and trousers) should be clean, dry, without a bad smell. Nails on hands and feet should be shortly cut. Long hair should be assembled, in order not to cause inconveniences to the other wrestler. Any participant violating rules of hygiene, loses his/her right to participate in competition. 

1. Kurash gilam should have minimum size 14х14 m. The maximum size is 16х16 m, it should be covered with a fabric, colored usually green, white, red, light-green, dark blue.

2. Gilam of competitions is divided into two zones. The line dividing these zones, is called «the dangerous line», it is always red and 1 m in width.

3. The fight area inside the line, including the dangerous line itself, is called «the safe zone», with minimum size 8х8 m, and maximum size 10х10 m.

4. The zone beyond the red line is called «the dangerous zone», 3 m in width.

5. The white lines 1 m in width and 2 m in length on two sides, designate the place of beginning and end of fights. These lines are drawn in the safe zone no more than in 6 m from each other.

6. The gilam should be on an elastic floor or a special platform. There should be a free zone not less than 1 m in width surrounding the wrestling spot. Kurash gilam is made in following sizes:

200 х 100 х 4 cm or 5 cm

150 х 100 х 4 cm or 5 cm

100 х 100 х 4 cm or 5 cm

12 х 12 m 14 х 14 m 16 х 16 m
gilam12 gilam14 gilam16
Red 18 pcsLight green 30 pcsWhite 2 pcsBlue 11 pscGreen 11 pcs Red 18 pcsLight green 30 pcsWhite 2 pcsBlue 24 pcsGreen 24 pcs Red 18 pcsLight green 30 pcsWhite 2 pcsBlue 39 pcsGreen 39 pcs

 Made as following: Sheet is open from below, red / light-green / white / dark-blue / green; paralone of second-time foaming, knotted with special tent.

1. At each gilam (tatami) there should be:

* a table and three chairs

* two light chairs

* a stop watch

* a microphone

* a score-board (showing the pure time of a fight) with a sound signal of the end of fight.

2. Two light chairs should be located in the safe zone in the opposite corners, not closing the score-board.

3. The score-board should be located outside the working zone so that referees, members of the Board of Referees and spectators can easily see it/them (there always must be in reserve a mechanical score-board for control). The score-board should meet the requirements of the International Kurash Association.

4. In case of use of electron clock, mechanical clock is used for control.

5. Gong or a sound device should be used to signal the arbitrator about the end of the fight.

6. Spectators (press, TV, etc.) should be not closer than 3 m from the gilam (tatami) of competition.

7. Manual stop watches (chess clock) and scoreboard should be used simultaneously with electronic equipment in case of failure of electronics. 

1. Before the beginning of every fight three referees (arbitrator, two referees) come together on the edge of the gilam (tatami) and, putting right hand to the left part of breast, bow and then take their places. Getting off the gilam (tatami) the referees come together on the edge and bow again with the their right hands on left breast.

2. The participants with their right hand on the left breast, should bow before coming in the safe zone. After bowing before the safe zone the participants should move forward up to the specially marked place, then, with right hand on left breast, they must bow to each other.

3. After the arbitrator announces the result of the fight, the participants with right hand on left breast, should bow to each other.

4. Arbitrator and side referees should take their places before the fight prior to participants’ coming on gilam (tatami).

5. All bows are executed by bending in waist forward. If participants do not bow, the arbitrator should require their bowing.

6. Examining the fight square before the fight, referees should check if the gilam (tatami) surface is plane, clean, without slots between mats, the chairs of referees are on their places, the participants meet the requirements of the rules. The arbitrator should be in the center of the gilam (tatami) initially facing the time-registration table.

 7. The arbitrator when giving a command TOKHTA! should see the participants.